Headlines in History: November 18, 1913

As we inch nearer to the holiday season, European nations of Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg are getting ready to celebrate Sinterklaas, the feast day for Saint Nicholas, aka SANTA! As any good holiday, parades are held for Santa and his helpers, Zwarte Piet. If your Dutch is rusty, that name translates to “Black Pete.” For the holiday, men in black face dress in Moorish garb and assist Santa with his jolly duties. Of course, this is incredibly racist, leading the UN to condemn the practice. However terrible, the whole situation did result in a fantastically hilarious David Sedaris story. So, as you begin your week, watch out for Black Pete, have a laugh, and enjoy another edition of Headlines in History.

New-York Tribune:

From what I can discover, this is the first time that Gandhi’s name makes it into an American newspaper. After becoming a lawyer, Mohandas Gandhi moved to South Africa, where he found the Indian workers lacked any political rights. He started a newspaper and spread ideas of passive resistance. In 1913, a tax had been placed on former indentured servants living in South Africa, so Gandhi organized a march of almost 2,300 men, women, and children. He was arrested, released on bail, and arrested again. He was also successful, with the Indian Relief Bill passed in 1914, lifting some of the unfair taxes off of Indian workers. It all proved to be a launching point for his actions later in India that helped lift British rule.

Ghandi

Omaha Daily Bee:

I’m gonna go out on a limb, but I don’t think this judge can do much to control what teenagers do in dark movie theaters.

Flirting

The Tacoma Times:

Nothing like some spy drama to liven up Europe. For all my searching, I can’t actually figure out who this Princess Marie character is, so if you have any ideas, let me know. My best bets is Princess Maud, cousin to Czar Nicholas, but queen by this point, and of Norway, not Sweden. Gah!

Spy

The Hawaiian Gazette: 

Ah, the battle against over-paid executives. Before you write them off as lousy communist complainers, John D. Rockefeller, in today’s money, was making close to $400 million a year in 1921. In the article, the argument is pay shouldn’t be over, accounting for inflation, $590,000. (For comparison, the highest paid CEO today is Tim Cook of Apple, who makes a nice $377 million a year.)

Pay

The Garden Island (Kauai, Hawaii Territory):

I will leave you this fine Monday with a story from warm locations, of crabs and coconuts.

Crabs